RELIGIOUS LISBON – 12th to 18th CENTURIES
Lisbon has a unique religious heritage. Although limited by its hills and slopes, the medieval city early paid homage to the Catholic religion with the construction of churches, convents and monasteries that translated the wealth and faith of a people.
The conquest of the Muslim Luxbona in 1147 is closely linked to the interests of the Holy See in the propagation of the Christian faith.
The Papal power had an undeniable influence in medieval Europe, legitimating the conquest of the territory of the Moors that would integrate the Kingdom of Portugal under the pretext of constituting a service to God and the Catholic Church.
From the first examples of the Lisbon tribute to the Holy Church was the construction begun that same year of the present Cathedral and Patriarchal of Santa Maria Maior on the ruins of the recently destroyed Arab Mosque and the construction of the Church of St. Vincent.
The wealth brought from Africa and Brazil in the Age of Discoveries increased religious fervor and contributed to the construction of the city’s most exuberant religious monuments, with gold-wood carving, polychrome tiles and sacred art.